Introduction: Identify yourself, your role and location

Situation: State the patient's diagnosis or reason for admission and current problem.

Background: What is the clinical background or context?

Assessment: What are your patient's clinical observations? What do you think the problem is? Don't forget to have the current vital signs at the ready!

Recommend: What do you recommend or what do you want the person you have called to do? Be clear about what you are requesting and the timeframe. Repeat to confirm what you have heard.